An e-bike is an electric bicycle equipped with a motor. It can provide pedal assistance (known as “pedal assist” mode), or operate independently so you can pedal and use your own energy.
Pedal-assist bikes let you select how much assistance is necessary, depending on the terrain and your energy level. Some models even automatically switch between levels to conserve battery power or maximize range.
What is an e-bike?
An e-bike is a bicycle equipped with an electric component to boost your pedal power and enable you to go further and faster without getting as tired. This feature may be especially appealing to older riders or those with disabilities.
An electric bike is equipped with a battery, motor and controller that are integrated into its design.
E-bikes offer a wide variety of models to meet different needs, from mountain biking and hauling cargo to commuting to work. Plus, many come with extra features like lights that charge automatically when turned on, USB ports and more for added convenience.
Pedal Assist is a device for electric bicycles that amplifies your pedal power, enabling you to ride longer and more efficiently, saving battery power while making the experience feel natural.
Most electric bikes come with pedal assist, and many offer various levels to meet your individual needs. The lowest setting is ideal for experienced cyclists, while the medium provides a balance between manual pedaling and electric assist, while the highest setting provides maximum pedal assistance.
Pedal assist systems typically employ either basic PAS sensors that measure only the speed of the cranks turning or torque sensors that sense how hard you’re pushing on the pedals. The former typically provides some assistance regardless of gear you are in, while the latter will vary the amount based on your cadence.
Pedal-activated electric bikes feature pedal sensors that detect forward pedal rotation and automatically activate the motor. Generally, these sensors are built inside of the motor, though some use them on either the axle or shaft of the bicycle.
These pedal assist systems typically employ two types of sensors – a torque sensor and cadence sensor. The latter detects pedaling sensation and adjusts electrical power assistance according to the rider’s effort level.
Peddle assist on an electric bike can have a significant effect on the battery’s range, performance, life per charge and overall lifespan. This is because the battery doesn’t drain as quickly, allowing you to ride longer between charges without needing to recharge.
In addition to pedal assist and throttle-only modes, some bike electric vehicles also offer an exclusive “electric-only mode,” which enables riders to ride without pedaling.
You can switch your bike’s mode to electric-only by twisting a knob on the left handlebar. Now you can sit back and relax while the motor does all of the work for you.
This is a great option for those who want the advantages of biking electric without having to pedal. While this can be an enjoyable way to travel, be mindful that driving in this mode makes your vehicle very quiet; pedestrians and other road users may not hear you as clearly as when not in this mode.
The range of an electric bike refers to how far it can travel on a single charge before needing recharged. The exact distance you can cycle with pedal assistance depends on several factors such as your riding style, terrain and weather conditions.
High-range electric bikes can cover up to 200-250 miles on a single charge, typically designed for long distance rides and powered by 3 kW batteries. Standard electric bikes with lower batteries (400-500W) allow riders to go an additional 60-75 miles without recharging.
As with many things in life, the range of an electric bike can vary considerably between riders. To maximize its potential range, try using pedal assist, riding in an upright position and avoiding rough terrain whenever possible.